Gastroenterology Cancers

  1. Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the stomach, which is a muscular sac in the upper part of your abdomen, right below your ribs. Your stomach accepts and retains the food you ingest before breaking it down and digesting it.

Gastric cancer is another name for stomach cancer. These two phrases most commonly apply to stomach cancer, which develops in mucus-producing cells on the stomach’s interior lining (adenocarcinoma). The most frequent kind of stomach cancer is adenocarcinoma.

Among the signs and symptoms of stomach cancer are:

  • Fatigue
  • Having a bloated feeling after eating
  • Feeling satiated after consuming tiny amounts of food
  • Severe and long-lasting heartburn
  • Severe and unremitting indigestion
  • Persistent and inexplicable nausea
  • Consistent vomiting due to stomach pain
  • The weight reduction that is not deliberate

When to consult a doctor:

Make an appointment with your doctor if you notice any signs or symptoms that concern you. Your doctor would almost certainly look at more prevalent reasons for these signs and symptoms first.

Treatment:

Chemotherapy is a type of medicinal treatment in which chemicals are used to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy medications circulate throughout your body, destroying cancer cells that have gone beyond your stomach.

  1. Colorectal Cancer
  • Colorectal cancer is a kind of cancer that begins in the large intestine’s rectum or colon. Both of these organs are located at the bottom of your digestive tract. The rectum is located at the end of the colon, which is also known as the big intestine.
  • The colon and rectum, which compose the large gut, play critical roles in the last stages of digestion.
  • Digestion starts in the mouth, where food is digested into tiny bits before being swallowed. Food goes down the esophagus to the stomach, where it is further broken down by gastric acids before being sent to the small intestine.
  • The small intestine continues to break down the food while also absorbing the majority of the nutrients, such as carbs, proteins, and vitamins.
  • After passing through the small intestine, the contents are primarily liquid and travel into the colon, which is around 5 12 feet long.
  • The colon’s primary purpose is to absorb water and dehydrate remaining material, resulting in semi-solid materials, or stool. The colon transports the feces into the 6-inch-long rectum, which serves as a holding chamber until it is ready to be ejected through the anus

Colorectal cancer may not cause any symptoms, particularly in the early stages. If you do have symptoms, they might include:

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea
  • Color changes in the stool
  • Stool form changes, such as narrowing
  • There is blood in the feces.
  • Rectangular bleeding
  • Unexplained ailment
  • Excessive gas use
  • Fatigue
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Cramps in the abdomen
  • Pain in the abdomen

 

When to consult a doctor:

Make an appointment with your doctor to arrange a colon cancer screening if you experience any of these symptoms.

Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy is the administration of cancer-killing drugs through a vein or in tablet form by mouth to remove fast-growing cancer cells that may remain after surgery.

Chemotherapy can also be used to treat severe (Stage IV) cancer and decrease a rectal tumor before surgery.

Treatment:

A number of factors influence colorectal cancer treatment. For example, your general health and the stage of your colorectal cancer will aid your doctor in developing an appropriate treatment strategy.